Cover Page April issue 2017
Peter & Pattimari Cacciolfi have changed their magazine name from PnPAuthors Promotional Magazine to Author Magazine
PnPAuthor Magazine is about Authors, Poets, & Artist
How real should historical fiction be?
Recently, watching an episode of the Netflix series, The Pinkertons, featuring a unit of the famed Buffalo Soldiers, I was brought up short when the unit, a subordinate unit of the 38th Infantry Regiment, was referred to as ‘Buffalo Soldiers.’ Now, I know the black soldiers—mainly the cavalry—of the post-Civil War army were indeed eventually referred to as Buffalo Soldiers by the Native tribes they encountered in New Mexico, and the name eventually caught on, but found it jarring that a unit in Kansas City a few years after the war that had yet to serve in New Mexico Territory would use that nickname.
Now, I know this was just for dramatic effect on the part of the screenwriters, but, as the author of a series about the Buffalo Soldiers, I found it a tiny bit disturbing; disturbing because even though I write historical fiction, I have been guilty of using poetic license in order to get a literary point across. I try to keep the general history accurate, in terms of clothing, weapons, tactics, and culture, but in creating characters, conversations, and crises, I pull them from the recesses of my mind.
I’m currently collaborating with an indie filmmaker from Texas on a script about civil rights pioneer, Ida B. Wells, during the time she was a journalist in Memphis, Tennessee. While we’re doing a lot of research, we’re finding that in order to tell a more compelling story, we’re having to slightly rearrange historical events. Not make them up, but perhaps having things happen out of sequence to help make a point. We’re both being careful not to imply causality that didn’t exist—for example, the Plessy vs Ferguson ‘separate but equal’ Supreme Court decision impacted attitudes about race, but did not directly lead to the events we’re depicting in the script, and in fact, happened at another time entirely,. But, because, this decision figured highly in Wells’ militancy and in the later civil rights movement, and we feel it’s an important aspect of history that people should be aware of, we’re inserting it (gently and unobtrusively) into the story.
I’ve said all this to illustrate a point, a question if you will: how real should historical fiction be? Should it adhere strictly to the known facts, or is it permissible to invent or rearrange things for literary or dramatic effect. Now, one answer to that is that it’s done all the time. True, but is it justified?
I was in the army for a long time, and one of the answers I was always taught to give to complex questions is, ‘it depends.’ And that, my friends, is my answer to how real should historical fiction be. First, the dialogue you write in your historical fiction, has to be made up, because you weren’t there when the characters met, or if you’ve invented the characters, it could never have taken place in the first place. So, already, you have one unavoidable piece of unreality that has crept into your story. So, here’s my ‘it depends’ answer. Your historical fiction should be true to the point that it does not paint a historical event as something it wasn’t (unless your story is meant to be alternative history, and that’s a whole other kettle of fish). In my Buffalo Soldier series, for instance, my aim is to show that the American West was a diverse place, and that people of color played key roles in our westward expansion. Many of these people were illiterate, and there were no recordings, or only limited written records, made of events, so, based on my research and the historical records I unearth, I create conversations and situations, and keep them as true to the actual history as I am able. In my Buffalo Soldier series, except for well-known historical figures; the colonels who founded the 9th and 10th cavalry regiments, for example; the vast majority of the characters are invented. I have them say and do things that my reading of the history of the time indicates would be the case, and I’m pretty confident that similar things were said and done, but they’re all products of my imagination.
If what you’re trying to do is show what a historical era was like, you should make sure what you create is in accordance with what would have been the case at the time. If you’re writing about a discrete historical event, such as Custer’s last stand at Little Big Horn, you’ll still have to create dialogue and even motivations, but you should invent as little as possible—my personal opinion here, but I think most readers would agree.
Good fiction transports the reader to other places and times, and good historical fiction allows the reader to come back with a better understanding of the place and time..
DR. WILLIE WHITE'S RELIGIOUS COLUMN
Christ's Seven Last Words
Then Jesus said, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted His raiment, and cast lots.
Our scripture text is the beginning of Jesus' last seven words spoken from the cross as He hanged dying taking on the sins of the world. Jesus asking His Father to forgive shows His love, care, grace and mercy for mankind, and in the process of dying He forgave sin. The people present really didn't know what they were doing, but they were fulfilling prophecy.
The phrase, today thou shall be with me in paradise (v. 43) was spoken to one of the thieves on the cross who asked forgiveness. The words, Woman behold thy son....Behold thy mother (John 19:26-27) expresses Jesus' love and care for His mother and His disciple John whom He loved dearly. Jesus was appointing John to care for His mother Mary. The words, "My God, My God why hast thou forsaken Me? (Mark 15:34)" Is Jesus being separated from His Father and the Father could not look on sin because Jesus was taking on the sins of the world. The words, "I thirst" (John 19:28), Jesus knowing that His work was now complete and prophecy has been fulfilled uttered these words. John 19:30 records Jesus saying "it is finished" signifies His earthly mission was now complete, prophecy had been fulfilled and being the suffering Messiah His work of redemption as the sacrificial Lamb of God (John 1:29; 1 Corinthian 5:7) was completed. The last word is "Father into thy hands I commend my spirit (Luke 23:46). It was at this point Jesus gave His life over to death and it was at that point Christ's Spirit went back to the Father.
Jesus gave His life for all.
And they crucified Him, and parted His garments, casting lost; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, "They parted my garments among them and upon my vesture did they cast lots."
Much have been written, talked and preached about Crucifixion Friday, because this is the day our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ sacrificed His life so that all who believe in Him will have everlasting life. He died for the sins of the world; all humanity, but to have this everlasting life one must believe. A life of righteousness is the result of Christ paying man's sin-debt reconciling him back to God the Father who is holy and righteous.
On the way to Calvary's cross, Christ our Savior suffered much from a mock trail by the religious leaders of His time to Pontus Pilate who found no fault in Jesus, but bowed to the will of the people who choose Barabbas to be released over the Savior of the world. They crucified the man who has power over life and death; the man who was in the beginning before time began. The man who had the power to come down from the cross, but couldn't because of His love for all humanity and obedience to His Father of providing salvation.
In Christ's dying hour, the Father couldn't look on sin and caused the sun and moon to turn away and the earth reeled and rocked like a drunk man; midnight came at noon. The curtain in the temple tore from top to bottom, which signifies that all believers have a blood bought right to go directly to God the Father for themselves. Jesus’ blood paved the way.
No Crucifixion Friday; no Resurrection Sunday. O what a weekend!
My Background – responding to a couple of questions
Hello and welcome. Each month I like to read the comments about what you’re doing or an approach you’re exploring as a result of reading my column. Whether health-related or some other on-going situation there are times of brief respite and even joy, though often these moments are overlooked or forgotten in the dross that brings you down. Everyone is different, and at times you need guidance by a medical or health professional. Allowing yourself to not be hampered by your circumstance and be able to live to your potential each moment is to be embraced.
This month I’m answering two questions recently asked via PnP Authors Magazine’s comments page:
“Does Suzanne have a medical degree; if not, she sure knows how to make people work toward getting past their own problems.”
“Did you go to classes for all your good information?”
The short answer to the first question is no; there’s no medical degree. However, thank you so much for the compliment following your question. As to the second question I’ll explain hopefully without it sounding like a resume!
Since the late 1970s I have worked in the health industry – admin, medical transcription, research, health promotion, archives, and a few other areas as well. In the early days, at a time when surgeons reverted from the title Dr to Mr and one was in awe of their status, I was sent to relieve a surgeon’s secretary whilst she was on holiday. Quaking when called to Mr …’s office I was asked if I was interested in medical terminology not just typing words, and following my answer I left the room staggering under a pile of medical books, complete with Greek and Latin dictionaries. After studying the contents, I was quizzed by the Surgeon himself! It was a wonderful education, at a time when the only medical terminology units were as part of a doctor or nursing curriculum. Over the years, I also had access to medical journals which I devoured. My nearly photographic memory was utilised in another health organisation where I assisted with historical research. However, there is an immense difference between being able to type medical words, read journals, research medical stuff and being a doctor knowing how specific medical information relates to individual people.
From 1990 to December 2007 concurrent to mainstream I have been involved with complementary health teaching taiji, qigong and meditation privately and in classes and workshops. I was also a registered healing therapist focussing on bodywork and energy rebalancing through a variety of certified modalities plus techniques which I developed. Then in 2008 my life changed through escalating chronic pain and in 2010 everything stopped. It was as though that life, that knowledge never existed. Writing has been a chance to reconstruct decimated cognitive abilities as well as reconnect with some of the principles of healing that used to be second-nature. I have been fortunate to be able to study with many highly-trained teachers with extraordinary insights in their craft. A Taiji Grandmaster I was exceptionally privileged to train with once responded, at one of the few occasions when an interpreter was present, to my question “even if you studied Chinese [language] for 20 years you wouldn’t understand the meaning behind the Classics (upon which Taiji is based); practise [taiji] for 20 years and you will understand qi (vital energy flow).” This was not one or two classes a week but the equivalent of 15-20 hours of training and practice for many years, and integrating the principles of energy movement into everything I did and thought about – though with a young, energetic family I wasn’t always calm and centred! By 1992 Taiji changed the structure of my feet allowing me to walk and reduce the life-long pain associated with the condition, and as a bonus in 1996 enter a taiji competition which I won – but that’s another story.
In 2010 during months of an intense period of pain and other symptoms I got all fired-up with spreading awareness of chronic pain through the Linkedin Societal Impact of Pain (SIP) group. There was, in discussions, so much theory and assumption-like opinion about pain that especially when I was coming out of massive flare-ups and needed distraction by doing something while bed-bound I penned responses. Not subtle, not neatly drafted but full-on ‘you can cut the theory, this is reality’ missives. When symptoms settled down to a mere 7 or 8 instead of 15-20 out of 10 I would draft a less emotive and more explanatory second response. The first got it out of my system, an inner screaming and the latter instructive building awareness and hopefully an understanding about surviving chronic pain. I still take part in SIP, other discussions and advocacy, sometimes when pain and other symptoms are under control I draft and edit my responses however at other times … well the message is blunt.
Every day I’m stronger, even though symptoms are triggered daily in varying degrees. My motto is ‘I like being happy’ and through my own experience and observations of others, whether I’m talking or writing, enabling you to reconnect with happiness is my intention.
So, until next month I look forward to hearing from you about this and anything else you’d like to share with me, to share with all of you – and remember that you have choices, they just may not be obvious. Take care, have fun, and allow yourself to recognise and embrace the joys that life can offer.
E'S Karen's Words
Life is full of ups and downs which can make life interesting, challenging, and never boring. This week's guest post is about "Healthy Choices and Spirituality" written by Nate Stevens. Our bodies go through times of health and times of illness. How we treat our body is closely related to our spiritual journey. After all the body is the temple of the soul. www.outshineovariancancer.blogspot.com
An up day this week was seeing some friends from MN who give so much of themselves to others. Their love and kindness is infectious. Thank you, Duane & Candace.
A down time was saying "good-bye" to one of my ovarian cancer sisters. She dealt with her disease with dignity, humor, and faith. I will always carry your smile in my heart, dear Sandy.
Meeting new "life-long" friends, Angela and Tom was an upper for me. They are here on a visit from Scotland and brought laughter, light, and love with them. If you ever travel to Scotland I recommend you stay at their B&B "The Highland Guest House" in Callander. A special connection occurred in our brief time together. I am blessed.
Jim is continuing to do well with his health and hopes to be off the antibiotics in April. I will know more about my health status after a PET scan on March 2 and seeing the oncologist on the 9th. Surgery is still the option that he is considering. Question is when.
As I have said many times, down times are opportunities to learn and grow. From the up times we are to savor, learn, and remember those times. From valley to mountaintop is the goal.
"I said to the almond tree, 'Friend speak to me of God.' And the almond tree blossomed." (Nikos Kazantzakis)
Blessings to you,
Description of book
Let’s Go to the Writing Land is a Book about Anamalia,
Who is not focused but is very intelligent, has gifts in writing and is accepted to the Writing Land where not many people are able to get accepted. It is her journey into different rooms where she learns through her challenging classes. She also gets ideas on what she could write about. The rooms have experiences that come in her dreams. She sees lightening. She feels this is what she should write about. She also goes to a room where there is and evil witch, that says she will make children’s life hell. She also goes into a meditation room and talks about meditation. How to be a great writer and get published and becomes famous. It is interesting how her book is written by the different rooms she goes into.
Copyright@Vinita Feb. 20 2017
A Writer has Characteristics and that is what Makes Them a Writer
A writer is not an ordinary usual person; they have characteristics that make them different. Their characteristics make them distinct and different from others. They will think a lot and dwell on things, and are usually not focused and daydream a lot. They even have dreams that could vary from having nightmares to seeing words. They can even see houses vividly in their dreams. If given a word, if they have the talent, they come up with a poem or a story in few minutes. They will usually walk around the store and start thinking of a poem, and then they will go home and write their poems on a piece of paper or transfer what came to their mind on the computer on Microsoft Word. They have a set time where they are able to concentrate and write. For some writer’s they will write at one or two o’clock at night. Sometimes they tend to lose reality and go into their own world. They are not just creative with words; they have a lot of emotions and are extremely sensitive. Many will have their emotions as their strength in writing. As soon as an incident happens their emotions hit and they have a poem in seconds.
They are gifted in the mind, and silence makes them think. That is when they come up with their creative minds having a story written. Most writers are the biggest dwellers and highly intelligent. They have a small incident happen but they dwell on it and make a mountain out of the situation. They love to ruminate on a situation. Those are the characteristics that make a writer. The characteristics that make them a successful Writer.
February 17, 2017 Copyright by Vinita Singh
Different styles of Poetry each month
A poem that has five lines and creates a mood, picture, or feeling. Lines 1 through 4 are made up of words, phrases or clauses while the first word of each line is in alphabetical order. Line 5 is one sentence long and begins with any letter.
Apple so brightBaking in my oven
Can you smell the flavors?
Grandma always baked green apple pies
Poetry that certain letter, usually the first in each line form a word or message when read in a sequence
A Valentine by Edgar Allan Poe
For her this rhyme is penned,
whose luminous eyes,
Brightly expressive as the twins
Shall find her own sweet name,
that nestling lies
Upon the page, enwrapped from
Search narrowly the lines! - they
hold a treasure
Divine - a talisman- an amulet
That must be worn at heart. Search
well the measure-
The words - the syllables! Do not
The trivialest point, or you may
lose your labor
And yet there is in this no
Which one might not undo without,
Read the next issue for more~
Time again for a new exploration. Each search brings about excitement, I never knew because what I present to you brings about great satisfaction because we get to enjoy the information together. One might envy world explorers, perhaps in the past, when travel was slow and living facilities not as advanced as they are today. However, with the advent of modern electronics, even the most home-bound can enjoy travel vicariously, and although not as satisfying as actually walking through ruins, or touching pillars and posts, the experience can still be rewarding compared to those persons who never venture out, never search, and never enjoy the beauty of the world in which they live.
Enter Thirumalai Nayakkar Mahal, the 16th Century palace erected by King Nayak in the city of Madurai, India. So many of our world’s marvels are from this area of the world. The main palace in which the king lived, was once considered to be one of the wonders of the South. Nayak, it is believed, recruited the services of an Italian architect for the construction of the palace (I wonder if it was one of my cousins?) Its interior surpasses the majority of magnificent structures in India and elsewhere as well The architecture is a blend of indigenuous and Islamic forms and is famous for its giant pillars, they being 82’ high and a massive 19’ wide.
Upon entering the gates of the gates of the palace, one finds a courtyard measuring 42,000 square feet, surrounded by giant circular pillars. The structure used foliated brickwork, as fine-grained slate that is metamorphic rock. There are 248 pillars, each a masterpiece of design and beauty. The royal residence sported a theater, shrine, apartments, armory, palanquin place – wheel-less carriage house, royal bandstand, quarters, pond and garden; not a bad layout for the times.
I know I will never run out of places to visit and in turn share with you, but if you have some ideas of areas of exploration you would like me to uncover and present to you with a New Column, please let me know. I have a strong passion for the vast areas which lay outside of our Milky Way Galaxy; just a hint.
CreateSpace and Amazon
I’d heard for years about my friends and other writers using CreateSpace and finally decided to try it. For those who are unfamiliar with CreateSpace, it’s a DBA (Doing Business As) of On-Demand Publishing LLC, which is part of the Amazon group of companies. You set up an account, and it’s absolutely free. Print books must be at least 24 pages long, and there are multiple options available. My book is 38 pages long and is called Dark Desires: Two Tales of Erotic Horror.
One of the options involved is whether or not you want to publish both on CreateSpace and Amazon. I decided Yes, reasoning that having multiple exposure was desirable. Once you go through the steps on CreateSpace, you tap the requisite tab and voila!, you have an instant print book which you can order for yourself and promote. Publication in print on Amazon takes a few days more.
I had previously published six separate short stories on Amazon in the KDP e-book program. So I had some experience in self-publishing. Designing another e-book on Amazon was a relatively swift process. As for CreateSpace, I found it took only a little getting used to. They had just introduced a new option for the cover, and I decided on a matte surface for it. Since my first CreateSpace book consists of two erotic horror stories, I feel that the sensuous feel of the cover enhances the impact. After I completed the cover, I revised the manuscript and uploaded it. Of course, there were problems, many of them with formatting, and I had to upload it again. Each time I did this, I had to wait about a day for a CreateSpace specialist to review my book and make sure it met specifications. Since I’m a retired English professor, I tend to be fussy and kept at it until I had it right.
If you follow procedure, it’s difficult to make a mistake. The book is right on the screen before you and you can go back and forth and endlessly eyeball it. They provide the ISBN, you choose the price, design your cover, set up and proof your book. When you’re satisfied, you approve the result and order your book. For me, the final result was well worth it, as you can see from the photo below. Buy it either on CreateSpace or Amazon and let me know if you agree.
Dark Desires is available at:
CONQUEROR OF THE STARS, Book 4 of the Inspector of the Cross series. –Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MXW1RFM - and MuseItUp: http://bit.ly/2ibPOl4
Read one of my novels for FREE! INSPECTOR OF THE CR0SS - This is book 1 in my series so if you haven't read it, here's your chance. Amazon: http://amzn.to/2jqq1Xt -
Relationships can't grow without perks. A mate who builds up their mate, is one who has a mate that has high self-esteem, and is always feeling in the mood to share with the mate~
I like to color match with a scarf to match
my outfit and also give me a look
VEE BEE'S BEAUTY TIPS
Did you know olive oil applied to
the face will make it smooth?
When is the last time you took your daughter or son out to lunch?
Susan Day's Column
How do to help your children and grandchildren fall in love with books and reading
Did you read as a child?
Some people who can read and write well, may not realize what an advantage they have in life.
Being literate will help children get better jobs. It will help them be more confident, and be able to converse with people all over the world.
They will also be able to read for pleasure for the rest of their lives.Do you remember how you treasured the books you read as a child? Do you still have them?When we share books with children we are creating a special bond with them, and teaching them how important reading is.
Sadly our children and grandchildren have far too much ‘screen’ time. They sit in front of computers and televisions, they play on smartphones, and spend a lot of their time engaging with others online.
All of these things are limiting their imagination and dulling their creativity. They are shown what the characters look like, and they can see the landscapes and places these characters visit.
When they read a book, however, a whole different process develops. When a child reads a story, he or she has to imagine what people, places or creatures might look like. Their imagination sparks their curiosity, and that curiosity leads to great intelligence and resourcefulness.
As well, reading books helped shape our characters, and helped us identify the values we hold strongly to, such as compassion, empathy and the difference between right and wrong. Here are four things you can do right now to help your child or grandchild develop a stronger bond with books, and fall in love with reading.
4 simple things you can do to develop a love of reading with children
Talk about books with each other. Adult to adult or adult to child; families and friends sharing their favorite books and stories over coffee or a meal.
Children learn from example. If a family member shares a story they are enjoying or shares a funny anecdote from a book, younger children will develop an interest and want to share their books too.
1. Leave their books everywhere. Allow books to become part of the furniture. Don’t lock them away – demystify books by allowing the children in your to become familiar with them.
2. Share the books you that made a difference to you as a child. Talk about how you felt when you read these books, and what you learned from them.
3. Give books as rewards or gifts – Sharing books is always a great idea, especially on special occasions. Don’t forget eBooks are easy to purchase and can be easily loaded onto a reader for your child or grandchild.
4. Have a family reading circle – on a regular basis get together as a family and talk about the books you are reading. Why not read your favorite part to each other, and encourage your children to do the same? You could also take it in turns to read a book, sharing the joy and fun on each page.
Encouraging children to read shouldn’t cost you anything, but the rewards are great. There are many different things you can do which will suit your family’s lifestyle. The best approach is find what suits you and your family, and make sure books are a big part of your family’s life.
Susan DaySusan Day, children’s author and writer, has developed a 7 step guide to help children fall in love with books and reading. Her blog, Astro’s Adventures Book Club, is full of ideas and tips, and while it is aimed at grandparents, many parents and teachers use the blog too. You can download the guide here: http://www.astrosadventuresbookclub.com/
Susan lives in country Australia with four dogs, three boss cats, three rescue guinea pigs, and an errant kangaroo. Apart from writing and reading, she loves painting, and gardening.
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